Leadership: the art of potentiating people

Nowadays it is common to hear about the importance of leadership and the importance of finding leaders and promoting their abilities. In reality, if we look back in history, we can observe that there are many leaders that due to their abundant charisma and leadership, they were able to develop movements that changed the world positively (Gandhi) and negatively (Hitler). But then, what is leadership? If I'm a boss, am I a leader? Are leaders born as such or do they become one? I hope this leadership analysis helps you answer these questions.

Definition

Leadership is the process of having an influence over others and supporting them so that they can work enthusiastically towards reaching common objectives. It is the ability of making decisions, managing, convoking, promoting, incentivizing, motivating and evaluating a group or team. It is the executive activity of a project done in an efficient way whether it is for personal, managing or institutional purposes. [1]

Using this definition we can recognize the difference between a leader and a boss. A leader has an influence on other people. With his/her actions and words other people get to fully exploit their potential focusing on a common ideal (oppression, STARTING to a new reform, etc.). A boss doesn’t need to influence others and doesn’t need to have a common ideal. The only objective of a boss is to complete the tasks that were assigned to him/her. In order to do this he/she uses one resource (normally monetary) so that people follow his/her orders and this way complete the tasks assigned.

Types of leadership


Many things have been said about leadership but according to the difference I make, the types of leaders are the following:

  • Autocrat Leader: The one that makes a decision based on a cause. There's nothing important that doesn't go through this person. We can find this type of leader in most leaders; or leaders that don't trust their followers.
  • Entrepreneur Leader: It's the most common type of leader. He/she asks for advice from those he/she trusts in order to make decisions and doesn't delegate this task. He/she gives clear instructions to his/her auxiliaries about the way they should make decisions on their corresponding areas.
  • Liberal Leader: It's the type of leader that delegates less important decisions to his/her auxiliaries. He/she offers a guide on the results he/she must achieve and how to do so. This leader lets his/her auxiliaries make the final decision. This is the most synergic type of leader.
  • Proactive Leader: This is the type of leadership that is devoted to his followers. He/she tries to look for their special abilities and guides them to the maximum potential of their abilities. His/her actions are based on the fact that finding others potential will lead him to maximize the potential of a common cause.
  • Persuasive Leader: It's the leader based on a manipulator. This type of leadership uses words and psychological tricks in order to make his/her auxiliaries think they made the correct decision when instead they were persuaded to do so.
Which type of leader are you?

See you on the next post. Namaste :)

References

[1] http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liderazgo